THE CATALOGUES OF WOMEN AND EOIAE (fragments) (1) (Page 2)
(l. 75) And at the prompting of Zeus the all-wise came.
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(ll. 89-100) But of all who came for the maid's sake, the lord Tyndareus sent none away, nor yet received the gift of any, but asked of all the suitors sure oaths, and bade them swear and vow with unmixed libations that no one else henceforth should do aught apart from him as touching the marriage of the maid with shapely arms; but if any man should cast off fear and reverence and take her by force, he bade all the others together follow after and make him pay the penalty. And they, each of them hoping to accomplish his marriage, obeyed him without wavering. But warlike Menelaus, the son of Atreus, prevailed against them all together, because he gave the greatest gifts.
(ll. 100-106) But Chiron was tending the son of Peleus, swift- footed Achilles, pre-eminent among men, on woody Pelion; for he was still a boy. For neither warlike Menelaus nor any other of men on earth would have prevailed in suit for Helen, if fleet Achilles had found her unwed. But, as it was, warlike Menelaus won her before.
(ll. 1-2) And she (Helen) bare neat-ankled Hermione in the palace, a child unlooked for.
(ll. 2-13) Now all the gods were divided through strife; for at that very time Zeus who thunders on high was meditating marvellous deeds, even to mingle storm and tempest over the boundless earth, and already he was hastening to make an utter end of the race of mortal men, declaring that he would destroy the lives of the demi-gods, that the children of the gods should not mate with wretched mortals, seeing their fate with their own eyes; but that the blessed gods henceforth even as aforetime should have their living and their habitations apart from men. But on those who were born of immortals and of mankind verily Zeus laid toil and sorrow upon sorrow.
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(ll. 16-30) ....nor any one of men....
....should go upon black ships....
....to be strongest in the might of his hands....
....of mortal men declaring to all those things that were, and those that are, and those that shall be, he brings to pass and glorifies the counsels of his father Zeus who drives the clouds. For no one, either of the blessed gods or of mortal men, knew surely that he would contrive through the sword to send to Hades full many a one of heroes fallen in strife. But at that time he know not as yet the intent of his father's mind, and how men delight in protecting their children from doom. And he delighted in the desire of his mighty father's heart who rules powerfully over men.
(ll. 31-43) From stately trees the fair leaves fell in abundance fluttering down to the ground, and the fruit fell to the ground because Boreas blew very fiercely at the behest of Zeus; the deep seethed and all things trembled at his blast: the strength of mankind consumed away and the fruit failed in the season consumed away and the fruit failed in the season of spring, at that time when the Hairless One (46) in a secret place in the mountains gets three young every three years. In spring he dwells upon the mountain among tangled thickets and brushwood, keeping afar from and hating the path of men, in the glens and wooded glades. But when winter comes on, he lies in a close cave beneath the earth and covers himself with piles of luxuriant leaves, a dread serpent whose back is speckled with awful spots.
(ll. 44-50) But when he becomes violent and fierce unspeakably, the arrows of Zeus lay him low.... Only his soul is left on the holy earth, and that fits gibbering about a small unformed den. And it comes enfeebled to sacrifices beneath the broad-pathed earth....
and it lies....'
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Fragment #69 -- Tzetzes (47), Exeg. Iliad. 68. 19H: Agamemnon and Menelaus likewise according to Hesiod and Aeschylus are regarded as the sons of Pleisthenes, Atreus' son. And according to Hesiod, Pleisthenes was a son of Atreus and Aerope, and Agamemnon, Menelaus and Anaxibia were the children of Pleisthenes and Cleolla the daughter of Dias.
Fragment #70 -- Laurentian Scholiast on Sophocles' Electra, 539:
`And she (Helen) bare to Menelaus, famous with the spear, Hermione and her youngest-born, Nicostratus, a scion of Ares.'
Fragment #71 -- Pausanias, i. 43. 1: I know that Hesiod in the "Catalogue of Women" represented that Iphigeneia was not killed but, by the will of Artemis, became Hecate (48).
Fragment #72 -- Eustathius, Hom. 13. 44. sq: Butes, it is said, was a son of Poseidon: so Hesiod in the "Catalogue".
Fragment #73 -- Pausanias, ii. 6. 5: Hesiod represented Sicyon as the son of Erechtheus.
Fragment #74 -- Plato, Minos, p. 320. D:
`(Minos) who was most kingly of mortal kings and reigned over very many people dwelling round about, holding the sceptre of Zeus wherewith he ruled many.'
Fragment #75 -- Hesychius (49): The athletic contest in memory of Eurygyes Melesagorus says that Androgeos the son of Minos was called Eurygyes, and that a contest in his honour is held near his tomb at Athens in the Ceramicus. And Hesiod writes: `And Eurygyes (50), while yet a lad in holy Athens...'
Fragment #76 -- Plutarch, Theseus 20: There are many tales.... about Ariadne...., how that she was deserted by Theseua for love of another woman: `For strong love for Aegle the daughter of Panopeus overpowered him.' For Hereas of Megara says that Peisistratus removed this verse from the works of Hesiod.
Athenaeus (51), xiii. 557 A: But Hesiod says that Theseus wedded both Hippe and Aegle lawfully.
Fragment #77 -- Strabo, ix. p. 393: The snake of Cychreus: Hesiod says that it was brought up by Cychreus, and was driven out by Eurylochus as defiling the island, but that Demeter received it into Eleusis, and that it became her attendant.
Fragment #78 -- Argument I. to the Shield of Heracles: But Apollonius of Rhodes says that it (the "Shield of Heracles") is Hesiod's both from the general character of the work and from the fact that in the "Catalogue" we again find Iolaus as charioteer of Heracles.
Fragment #79 -- Scholiast on Soph. Trach., 266:
(ll. 1-6) `And fair-girdled Stratonica conceived and bare in the palace Eurytus her well-loved son. Of him sprang sons, Didaeon and Clytius and god-like Toxeus and Iphitus, a scion of Ares. And after these Antiope the queen, daughter of the aged son of Nauboius, bare her youngest child, golden-haired Iolea.'
Fragment #80 -- Herodian in Etymologicum Magnum:
`Who bare Autolyeus and Philammon, famous in speech.... All things that he (Autolyeus) took in his hands, he made to disappear.'
Fragment #81 -- Apollonius, Hom. Lexicon:
`Aepytus again, begot Tlesenor and Peirithous.'
Fragment #82 -- Strabo, vii. p. 322:
`For Locrus truly was leader of the Lelegian people, whom Zeus the Son of Cronos, whose wisdom is unfailing, gave to Deucalion, stones gathered out of the earth. So out of stones mortal men were made, and they were called people.' (52)
Fragment #83 -- Tzetzes, Schol. in Exeg. Iliad. 126:
`...Ileus whom the lord Apollo, son of Zeus, loved. And he named him by his name, because he found a nymph complaisant (53) and was joined with her in sweet love, on that day when Poseidon and Apollo raised high the wall of the well-built city.'
Fragment #84 -- Scholiast on Homer, Od. xi. 326: Clymene the daughter of Minyas the son of Poseidon and of Euryanassa, Hyperphas' daughter, was wedded to Phylacus the son of Deion, and bare Iphiclus, a boy fleet of foot. It is said of him that through his power of running he could race the winds and could move along upon the ears of corn (54).... The tale is in Hesiod: `He would run over the fruit of the asphodel and not break it; nay, he would run with his feet upon wheaten ears and not hurt the fruit.'
Fragment #85 -- Choeroboscus (55), i. 123, 22H:
`And she bare a son Thoas.'
Fragment #86 -- Eustathius, Hom. 1623. 44: Maro (56), whose father, it is said, Hesiod relates to have been Euanthes the son of Oenopion, the son of Dionysus.
Fragment #87 -- Athenaeus, x. 428 B, C:
`Such gifts as Dionysus gave to men, a joy and a sorrow both. Who ever drinks to fullness, in him wine becomes violent and binds together his hands and feet, his tongue also and his wits with fetters unspeakable: and soft sleep embraces him.'
Fragment #88 -- Strabo, ix. p. 442:
`Or like her (Coronis) who lived by the holy Twin Hills in the plain of Dotium over against Amyrus rich in grapes, and washed her feet in the Boebian lake, a maid unwed.'
Fragment #89 -- Scholiast on Pindar, Pyth. iii. 48:
`To him, then, there came a messenger from the sacred feast to goodly Pytho, a crow (57), and he told unshorn Phoebus of secret deeds, that Ischys son of Elatus had wedded Coronis the daughter of Phlegyas of birth divine.
Fragment #90 -- Athenagoras (58), Petition for the Christians, 29: Concerning Asclepius Hesiod says: `And the father of men and gods was wrath, and from Olympus he smote the son of Leto with a lurid thunderbolt and killed him, arousing the anger of Phoebus.'
Fragment #91 -- Philodemus, On Piety, 34: But Hesiod (says that Apollo) would have been cast by Zeus into Tartarus (59); but Leto interceded for him, and he became bondman to a mortal.
Fragment #92 -- Scholiast on Pindar, Pyth. ix. 6:
`Or like her, beautiful Cyrene, who dwelt in Phthia by the water of Peneus and had the beauty of the Graces.'
Fragment #93 -- Servius on Vergil, Georg. i. 14: He invoked Aristaeus, that is, the son of Apollo and Cyrene, whom Hesiod calls `the shepherd Apollo.' (60)
Fragment #94 -- Scholiast on Vergil, Georg. iv. 361:
`But the water stood all round him, bowed into the semblance of a mountain.' This verse he has taken over from Hesiod's "Catalogue of Women".
Fragment #95 -- Scholiast on Homer, Iliad ii. 469:
`Or like her (Antiope) whom Boeotian Hyria nurtured as a maid.'
Fragment #96 -- Palaephatus (61), c. 42: Of Zethus and Amphion. Hesiod and some others relate that they built the walls of Thebes by playing on the lyre.
Fragment #97 -- Scholiast on Soph. Trach., 1167:
(ll. 1-11) `There is a land Ellopia with much glebe and rich meadows, and rich in flocks and shambling kine. There dwell men who have many sheep and many oxen, and they are in number past telling, tribes of mortal men. And there upon its border is built a city, Dodona (62); and Zeus loved it and (appointed) it to be his oracle, reverenced by men.... ....And they (the doves) lived in the hollow of an oak. From them men of earth carry away all kinds of prophecy, -- whosoever fares to that spot and questions the deathless god, and comes bringing gifts with good omens.'
Fragment #98 -- Berlin Papyri, No. 9777: (63)
(ll. 1-22) `....strife.... Of mortals who would have dared to fight him with the spear and charge against him, save only Heracles, the great-hearted offspring of Alcaeus? Such an one was (?) strong Meleager loved of Ares, the golden-haired, dear son of Oeneus and Althaea. From his fierce eyes there shone forth portentous fire: and once in high Calydon he slew the destroying beast, the fierce wild boar with gleaming tusks. In war and in dread strife no man of the heroes dared to face him and to approach and fight with him when he appeared in the forefront. But he was slain by the hands and arrows of Apollo
(64), while he was fighting with the Curetes for pleasant Calydon. And these others (Althaea) bare to Oeneus, Porthaon's son; horse-taming Pheres, and Agelaus surpassing all others, Toxeus and Clymenus and godlike Periphas, and rich-haired Gorga and wise Deianeira, who was subject in love to mighty Heracles and bare him Hyllus and Glenus and Ctesippus and Odites. These she bare and in ignorance she did a fearful thing: when (she had received).... the poisoned robe that held black doom....'
Fragment #99A -- Scholiast on Homer, Iliad. xxiii. 679: And yet Hesiod says that after he had died in Thebes, Argeia the daughter of Adrastus together with others (cp. frag. 99) came to the lamentation over Oedipus.
Fragment #99 -- (65) Papyri greci e latine, No. 131 (2nd-3rd century): (66)
(ll. 1-10) `And (Eriphyle) bare in the palace Alcmaon (67), shepherd of the people, to Amphiaraus. Him (Amphiaraus) did the Cadmean (Theban) women with trailing robes admire when they saw face to face his eyes and well-grown frame, as he was busied about the burying of Oedipus, the man of many woes. ....Once the Danai, servants of Ares, followed him to Thebes, to win renown.... ....for Polynices. But, though well he knew from Zeus all things ordained, the earth yawned and swallowed him up with his horses and jointed chariot, far from deep-eddying Alpheus.
(ll. 11-20) But Electyron married the all-beauteous daughter of Pelops and, going up into one bed with her, the son of Perses begat.... ....and Phylonomus and Celaeneus and Amphimachus and.... ....and Eurybius and famous.... All these the Taphians, famous shipmen, slew in fight for oxen with shambling hoofs,....
....in ships across the sea's wide back. So Alcmena alone was left to delight her parents.... ....and the daughter of Electryon....
(l. 21) ....who was subject in love to the dark-clouded son of Cronos and bare (famous Heracles).'
Fragment #100 -- Argument to the Shield of Heracles, i: The beginning of the "Shield" as far as the 56th verse is current in the fourth "Catalogue".
Fragment #101 (UNCERTAIN POSITION) -- Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1359 fr. 1 (early 3rd cent. A.D.):
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(ll. 4-17) `...if indeed he (Teuthras) delayed, and if he feared to obey the word of the immortals who then appeared plainly to them. But her (Auge) he received and brought up well, and cherished in the palace, honouring her even as his own daughters.
And Auge bare Telephus of the stock of Areas, king of the Mysians, being joined in love with the mighty Heracles when he was journeying in quest of the horses of proud Laomedon -- horses the fleetest of foot that the Asian land nourished, -- and destroyed in battle the tribe of the dauntless Amazons and drove them forth from all that land. But Telephus routed the spearmen of the bronze-clad Achaeans and made them embark upon their black ships. Yet when he had brought down many to the ground which nourishes men, his own might and deadliness were brought low....'
Fragment #102 (UNCERTAIN POSITION) -- Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1359 fr. 2 (early 3rd cent. A.D.):
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(ll. 5-16) `....Electra.... was subject to the dark-clouded Son of Cronos and bare Dardanus.... and Eetion.... who once greatly loved rich-haired Demeter. And cloud-gathering Zeus was wroth and smote him, Eetion, and laid him low with a flaming thunderbolt, because he sought to lay hands upon rich- haired Demeter. But Dardanus came to the coast of the mainland -- from him Erichthonius and thereafter Tros were sprung, and Ilus, and Assaracus, and godlike Ganymede, -- when he had left holy Samothrace in his many-benched ship.
Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1359 fr. 3 (early 3rd cent. A.D.):
(ll. 17-24) (68) ....Cleopatra
....the daughter of....
....But an eagle caught up Ganymede for Zeus because he vied with the immortals in beauty.... ....rich-tressed Diomede; and she bare Hyacinthus, the blameless one and strong.... ....whom, on a time Phoebus himself slew unwittingly with a ruthless disk....
(1) A catalogue of heroines each of whom was introduced with the words E OIE, `Or like her'. (2) An antiquarian writer of Byzantium, c. 490-570 A.D. (3) Constantine VII. `Born in the Porphyry Chamber', 905-959 A.D. (4) "Berlin Papyri", 7497 (left-hand fragment) and "Oxyrhynchus Papyri", 421 (right-hand fragment). For the restoration see "Class. Quart." vii. 217-8. (5) As the price to be given to her father for her: so in "Iliad" xviii. 593 maidens are called `earners of oxen'. Possibly Glaucus, like Aias (fr. 68, ll. 55 ff.), raided the cattle of others. (6) i.e. Glaucus should father the children of others. The curse of Aphrodite on the daughters of Tyndareus (fr. 67) may be compared. (7) Porphyry, scholar, mathematician, philosopher and historian, lived 233-305 (?) A.D. He was a pupil of the neo-Platonist Plotinus. (8) Author of a geographical lexicon, produced after 400 A.D., and abridged under Justinian. (9) Archbishop of Thessalonica 1175-1192 (?) A.D., author of commentaries on Pindar and on the "Iliad" and "Odyssey". (10) In the earliest times a loin-cloth was worn by athletes, but was discarded after the 14th Olympiad. (11) Slight remains of five lines precede line 1 in the original: after line 20 an unknown number of lines have been lost, and traces of a verse preceding line 21 are here omitted. Between lines 29 and 30 are fragments of six verses which do not suggest any definite restoration. (NOTE: Line enumeration is that according to Evelyn-White; a slightly different line numbering system is adopted in the original publication of this fragment. -- DBK) (12) The end of Schoeneus' speech, the preparations and the beginning of the race are lost. (13) Of the three which Aphrodite gave him to enable him to overcome Atalanta. (14) The geographer; fl. c.24 B.C. (15) Of Miletus, flourished about 520 B.C. His work, a mixture of history and geography, was used by Herodotus. (16) The Hesiodic story of the daughters of Proetus can be reconstructed from these sources. They were sought in marriage by all the Greeks (Pauhellenes), but having offended Dionysus (or, according to Servius, Juno), were afflicted with a disease which destroyed their beauty (or were turned into cows). They were finally healed by Melampus. (17) Fl. 56-88 A.D.: he is best known for his work on Vergil. (18) This and the following fragment segment are meant to be read together. -- DBK. (19) This fragment as well as fragments #40A, #101, and #102 were added by Mr. Evelyn-White in an appendix to the second edition (1919). They are here moved to the "Catalogues" proper for easier use by the reader. -- DBK. (20) For the restoration of ll. 1-16 see "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. pp. 46-7: the supplements of ll. 17-31 are by the Translator (cp. "Class. Quart." x. (1916), pp. 65-67). (21) The crocus was to attract Europa, as in the very similar story of Persephone: cp. "Homeric Hymns" ii. lines 8 ff. (22) Apollodorus of Athens (fl. 144 B.C.) was a pupil of Aristarchus. He wrote a Handbook of Mythology, from which the extant work bearing his name is derived. (23) Priest at Praeneste. He lived c. 170-230 A.D. (24) Son of Apollonius Dyscolus, lived in Rome under Marcus Aurelius. His chief work was on accentuation. (25) This and the next two fragment segments are meant to be read together. -- DBK. (26) Sacred to Poseidon. For the custom observed there, cp. "Homeric Hymns" iii. 231 ff. (27) The allusion is obscure. (28) Apollonius `the Crabbed' was a grammarian of Alexandria under Hadrian. He wrote largely on Grammar and Syntax. (29) 275-195 (?) B.C., mathematician, astronomer, scholar, and head of the Library of Alexandria. (30) Of Cyme. He wrote a universal history covering the period between the Dorian Migration and 340 B.C. (31) i.e. the nomad Scythians, who are described by Herodotus as feeding on mares' milk and living in caravans. (32) The restorations are mainly those adopted or suggested in "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. pp. 48 ff.: for those of ll. 8-14 see "Class. Quart." x. (1916) pp. 67-69. (33) i.e. those who seek to outwit the oracle, or to ask of it more than they ought, will be deceived by it and be led to ruin: cp. "Hymn to Hermes", 541 ff. (34) Zetes and Calais, sons of Boreas, who were amongst the Argonauts, delivered Phineus from the Harpies. The Strophades (`Islands of Turning') are here supposed to have been so called because the sons of Boreas were there turned back by Iris from pursuing the Harpies. (35) An Epicurean philosopher, fl. 50 B.C. (36) `Charming-with-her-voice' (or `Charming-the-mind'), `Song', and `Lovely-sounding'. (37) Diodorus Siculus, fl. 8 B.C., author of an universal history ending with Caesar's Gallic Wars. (38) The first epic in the "Trojan Cycle"; like all ancient epics it was ascribed to Homer, but also, with more probability, to Stasinus of Cyprus. (39) This fragment is placed by Spohn after "Works and Days" l. 120. (40) A Greek of Asia Minor, author of the "Description of Greece" (on which he was still engaged in 173 A.D.). (41) Wilamowitz thinks one or other of these citations belongs to the Catalogue. (42) Lines 1-51 are from Berlin Papyri, 9739; lines 52-106 with B. 1-50 (and following fragments) are from Berlin Papyri, 10560. A reference by Pausanias (iii. 24. 10) to ll. 100 ff. proves that the two fragments together come from the "Catalogue of Women". The second book (the beginning of which is indicated after l. 106) can hardly be the second book of the "Catalogues" proper: possibly it should be assigned to the EOIAI, which were sometimes treated as part of the "Catalogues", and sometimes separated from it. The remains of thirty-seven lines following B. 50 in the Papyrus are too slight to admit of restoration. (43) sc. the Suitor whose name is lost. (44) Wooing was by proxy; so Agamemnon wooed Helen for his brother Menelaus (ll. 14-15), and Idomeneus, who came in person and sent no deputy, is specially mentioned as an exception, and the reasons for this -- if the restoration printed in the text be right -- is stated (ll. 69 ff.). (45) The Papyrus here marks the beginning of a second book ("B"), possibly of the EOIAE. The passage (ll. 2-50) probably led up to an account of the Trojan (and Theban?) war, in which, according to "Works and Days" ll. 161-166, the Race of Heroes perished. The opening of the "Cypria" is somewhat similar. Somewhere in the fragmentary lines 13-19 a son of Zeus -- almost certainly Apollo -- was introduced, though for what purpose is not clear. With l. 31 the destruction of man (cp. ll. 4-5) by storms which spoil his crops begins: the remaining verses are parenthetical, describing the snake `which bears its young in the spring season'. (46) i.e. the snake; as in "Works and Days" l. 524, the "Boneless One" is the cuttle-fish. (47) c. 1110-1180 A.D. His chief work was a poem, "Chiliades", in accentual verse of nearly 13,000 lines. (48) According to this account Iphigeneia was carried by Artemis to the Taurie Chersonnese (the Crimea). The Tauri (Herodotus iv. 103) identified their maiden-goddess with Iphigeneia; but Euripides ("Iphigeneia in Tauris") makes her merely priestess of the goddess. (49) Of Alexandria. He lived in the 5th century, and compiled a Greek Lexicon. (50) For his murder Minos exacted a yearly tribute of boys and girls, to be devoured by the Minotaur, from the Athenians. (51) Of Naucratis. His "Deipnosophistae" ("Dons at Dinner") is an encyclopaedia of miscellaneous topics in the form of a dialogue. His date is c. 230 A.D. (52) There is a fancied connection between LAAS (`stone') and LAOS (`people'). The reference is to the stones which Deucalion and Pyrrha transformed into men and women after the Flood. (53) Eustathius identifies Ileus with Oileus, father of Aias. Here again is fanciful etymology, ILEUS being similar to ILEOS (complaisant, gracious). (54) Imitated by Vergil, "Aeneid" vii. 808, describing Camilla. (55) c. 600 A.D., a lecturer and grammarian of Constantinople. (56) Priest of Apollo, and, according to Homer, discoverer of wine. Maronea in Thrace is said to have been called after him. (57) The crow was originally white, but was turned black by Apollo in his anger at the news brought by the bird. (58) A philosopher of Athens under Hadrian and Antonius. He became a Christian and wrote a defence of the Christians addressed to Antoninus Pius. (59) Zeus slew Asclepus (fr. 90) because of his success as a healer, and Apollo in revenge killed the Cyclopes (fr. 64). In punishment Apollo was forced to serve Admetus as herdsman. (Cp. Euripides, "Alcestis", 1-8) (60) For Cyrene and Aristaeus, cp. Vergil, "Georgics", iv. 315 ff. (61) A writer on mythology of uncertain date. (62) In Epirus. The oracle was first consulted by Deucalion and Pyrrha after the Flood. Later writers say that the god responded in the rustling of leaves in the oaks for which the place was famous. (63) The fragment is part of a leaf from a papyrus book of the 4th century A.D. (64) According to Homer and later writers Meleager wasted away when his mother Althea burned the brand on which his life depended, because he had slain her brothers in the dispute for the hide of the Calydonian boar. (Cp. Bacchylides, "Ode" v. 136 ff.) (65) The fragment probably belongs to the "Catalogues" proper rather than to the Eoiae; but, as its position is uncertain, it may conveniently be associated with Frags. 99A and the "Shield of Heracles". (66) Most of the smaller restorations appear in the original publication, but the larger are new: these last are highly conjectual, there being no definite clue to the general sense. (67) Alcmaon (who took part in the second of the two heroic Theban expeditions) is perhaps mentioned only incidentally as the son of Amphiaraus, who seems to be clearly indicated in ll. 7-8, and whose story occupies ll. 5-10. At l. 11 the subject changes and Electryon is introduced as father of Alcmena. (68) The association of ll. 1-16 with ll. 17-24 is presumed from the apparent mention of Erichthonius in l. 19. A new section must then begin at l. 21. See "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. p. 55 (and for restoration of ll. 5-16, ib. p. 53). ll. 19-20 are restored by the Translator.Next